Thai Consonants

Thai Alphabet - NO TYPING

In fact, when you are learning the alphabet you will come across a few letters that are only used when spelling Pali and Sanskrit words and instances of Pali or Sanskrit spelling that result in completely silent letters. The sample words used in the table are also taught in Thai school system, together with the letter. This helps learners easily remember each letter along with the vocabulary in Thai. In addition to the history of Thai letters, there are a few rules to keep in mind when reading or writing Thai.

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The Thai language does not use capital and lowercase letters, spaces, or much punctuation in its writing. This is in direct contrast to reading and writing English where all of these apply. This might cause some confusion at first in your Thai lessons , but once you begin to get used to these rules, you will have no trouble with Thai writing.

If you do need more help with your Thai lessons Thaipod has language dictionaries, a Thai podcast , and live recordings available online. Learning the alphabet is the first important step to take when studying another language. It will form the basis to all of your other studies.

  1. Thai alphabet.
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After learning the different letters you can move on to studying Thai words and Thai accents. Each of these will make up the building blocks of your lessons, and pretty soon you will be holding full conversations in fluent Thai.

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It all starts with learning the Thai alphabet, and if you ever need to brush up on your basics you can always return to your older podcast lessons to refresh yourself on the fundamentals. You've finished everything on your pathway.

There are many ways to approach this studying task. For example, here's a Thai schoolchild mnemonic for remembering the mid-class consonants: Or, for a detailed linguistic treatment, please refer to Richard Wordingham's article, Phonetic Organization of the Thai Consonants. The easiest method for me was to study the characteristics of the consonant sounds, as sonorant , plain , or aspirate , as shown in the table of initial consonant sounds above.

Thai Consonants Chart

This method is detailed in the following lesson: Phonemic Approach to the Consonant Classes. If you prefer a memorization-oriented method, you might practice and memorize the alphabet with the proper tones on the acrophonic words. Read on to see how to use tone rules to find the tone of any word by memorizing the tone of some of the sample words listed above. What follows are some simple observations about the classes of consonants.

Thai (ภาษาไทย)

By always practicing saying the letter names with the proper tone even though the corresponding sample words may have different tones , you will form an association between the letter name and the correct sound. Then you'll know the high-class consonants by sound.

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Another clue to the high-class consonants is that none of the sample words for these consonants are spoken with a mid or high tone—most have a low or rising tone. Next, after eliminating the high-class consonants, note that if the sample word is pronounced in a low tone , then the consonant must be mid-class. The four remaining mid-class consonants, whose sample words are pronounced in the mid tone, can be memorized: For the latter, note that the second syllable has a rising tone but it is the first syllable, pronounced in mid tone, which contains the letter in question.

Sample text in Thai

Learning the alphabet is the first important step to take when studying another language. Many consonants are pronounced differently at the beginning and at the end of a syllable. Its origins The origins of the Thai script can be traced back to a south Indian script which was introduced into mainland South-East Asia during the 4th or 5th century AD. Journal of the International Phonetic Association. Subsequent sound changes have obscured the phonetic nature of these classes. A Guide to Thai - The Thai alphabet.

At this point you could simply remember that the remaining consonants are low-class , but we can make some observations about them also. For one thing, none of the sample words for the low-class consonants are pronounced with a low tone. Also, of all the sample words, there are only three which use the falling tone.

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For more information on consonant classes and how they affect the tone of a word, see the section on tone rules. Transcriptions shown on this page use the 'Thai-language. This is because these two consonants are considered obsoloete; they are no longer used. Internet resource for the Thai language.